Bariatric surgery has become more popular for its weight loss success. But it’s not a simple procedure. It requires modification of an internal organ – the stomach – for the treatment to be successful. For this reason, you should only seek top doctors at accredited and established international medical centers for this surgery.
Bariatric surgery is also called weight loss surgery because the surgery makes the stomach smaller so the patient will eat less food. Hormonal changes also occur that affect the appetite so you are less hungry during the day. For many people it’s helped them manage their weight better which is important. Research suggests that people who have a BMI (body mass index) greater than 30 are considered obese and obesity results in chronic illness over time and shorter life spans. For those that can’t get their BMI to healthy levels, this procedure may aid longevity.
Bariatric surgery should be considered for those with a BMI of 40 or higher. At this level, people are considered morbidly obese which puts them at much greater risk for long term health conditions such as high blood pressure, heart disease, diabetes, kidney failure, and fatty liver disease. It should also be considered for those who have not had success with other weight loss techniques, especially diet and exercise.
Here are three common types of bariatric surgery:
- Sleeve Gastrectomy: It’s the most common procedure and transforms the stomach to a banana shape so that patients eat smaller portions of food.
- Gastric Bypass or Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass: This method turns the stomach into a small pouch and attaches it to the lower intestine so patients eat smaller portions and less fat is absorbed during digestion.
- Adjustable Gastric Band: Restricts the stomach using a silicon band which can be adjusted. It’s also called a weight loss band. It is performed laparoscopically and is considered the safest procedure.
If you have a BMI above 40 and are considering bariatric surgery, review the risks as well. Like any procedure there are risks to modifying the stomach which can cause complications. However, at established hospitals that have Centers of Excellence dedicated to Bariatric Surgery, the risks can be very low. Make sure to review the success rates at the hospitals you’re considering first.
Patients are required to stay at the hospital one night and the recovery period is usually two weeks but it can vary. There may be some discomfort and soreness after the procedure when it’s done properly by trained doctors.
There are many factors that cause obesity and it’s not just limited to diet. Because morbid obesity can cause serious health complications, if you have difficulty reducing your BMI below 30, then research the options for weight loss surgery and always seek treatment at a top medical institution.