If you are traveling to tropical countries over the summer, then it’s always good to be cautious regarding dengue fever. Dengue is transmitted by mosquitos and causes headaches, fever, vomiting, joint pain, and a skin rash. When it becomes severe it can lower blood pressure to the point where the body can’t operate. Most people recover from it within two to seven days, but it may require a hospital stay.
For this reason, if you’ve been bitten, you may become a medical tourist whether you want to or not. Most international hospitals in tropical countries are well equipped to handle dengue infections as more than 60 million people are infected each year. It usually requires an overnight stay as blood platelets are monitored along with blood pressure and the patient is kept hydrated.
There are four strains of dengue and some people get it multiple times. However, the successive infections can lead to hemorrhaging. Therefore, the best way to avoid dengue is to stay clear of areas with high concentrations of mosquitos. Standing water tends to be a breeding ground for dengue carrying mosquitoes, so always be aware of your environment. Water runoff in drains along streets in tropical cities can be risky. Make sure to cover up as much as possible and apply mosquito repellent constantly.
Areas particularly challenged by dengue are Southeast Asia including Singapore, Malaysia, Thailand, and Indonesia. Also parts of Africa, northeastern Australia, and northern countries in South America such as Colombia and Venezuela have high concentrations of dengue outbreaks. So don’t let dengue ruin your vacation and always travel safe!